What is Withy pot making?


Withy Pot Making is a traditional craft method that entails choosing and gathering flexible and pliable willow branches, or “withies,” and then soaking them in water for many hours to prepare them for weaving into baskets and other woven goods.

The craftsperson starts to bend and mold the withies into the desired form, such as a circular basket or a square container after they are sufficiently flexible. Following that, the withies are weaved together using methods like plaiting, twining, or coiling. To fasten the withies, the weaver may employ a variety of tools including a needle.

Making withy pots is a labor-intensive technique that demands a lot of expertise and endurance. Depending on its size and complexity, making a single basket or container might take days or even weeks. The finished object is strong, beautiful, and suitable for a range of uses, including gardening, item storage, and ornamental pieces.

The craft may be a sustainable way to produce useful and attractive items, and it is also ecologically good because it employs natural and renewable resources.


Reed Manual Labor Bottom Culture Basket Tradition

Making withy pots is a skilled trade that dates back thousands of years. The willow tree is a very adaptable plant with rapid and simple growth, giving it the perfect material for crafts.

Withy pots evolved as a craft, becoming increasingly elaborate and beautiful. Willow baskets were utilized in both ancient Egypt and ancient China to store mummified organs and fragile items like porcelain. Making Withy pots has a long tradition and has been passed down through the generations as both a craft and a cultural tradition.

Today, traditional basket makers who specialize in Withy pot manufacturing continue to do so. Many people take it up as a pastime, and it is also taught in seminars and schools. Withy pots are still employed for several activities, such as gardening, item storage, and decoration. The use of natural and renewable resources makes the craft ecologically beneficial. It has developed into a means to create durable goods while preserving traditional skills.

Different uses

Equipment Fish Crab Fisherman Basket Catch

Making withy pots is a time-honored method that has been employed for ages to catch fish and other aquatic creatures. Here are a few instances of various applications for manufacturing withy pots:

  1. Fishing lobster and crab – In coastal areas like Cornwall, England, Scotland, and France, withy pots are customarily used to collect lobsters and crabs. These containers, which are often crafted from hazel or willow branches, feature a unique form that allows the crustaceans to enter but hinders their ability to leave.
  2. Fishing fish – In both freshwater and saltwater habitats, withy pots are also used to catch a variety of fish. To catch fish like eels, salmon, and trout, they can be positioned in rivers, lakes, and estuaries.
  3. Eel trapping – Eels, which are prized by some cultures as a delicacy, can also be caught using withy pots. To attract eels, the pots are positioned in regions where they are known to exist and are baited with fish or worms.
  4. Aquatic research – Aquatic creatures can be gathered in withy pots for scientific study. They are employed to sample fish, crustaceans, and other aquatic animal populations to learn more about their biology, ecology, and behavior.
  5. Traditional crafts – Making withy pots is another example of a traditional craft that is passed down from one generation to the next. It serves to preserve a custom and the knowledge needed to construct a withy pot.

It is important to note that the decline in fish populations, commercialization of fishing, and the development of more effective fishing techniques have all contributed to a decline in the usage of withy pot making throughout time. As a result, the usage of withy pots has been restricted to historical or scientific studies, as well as a craft or pastime.

Materials and tools

outdoor tree

Making withy pots requires only a few basic supplies and is straightforward to do. The following is a list of the materials and tools most frequently used in the procedure:

  1. Willow Branches – Willow branches are the main component of withy pots. They may be obtained from several willow trees, including Salix viminalis, Salix alba, Salix triandra, and Salix daphnoides, and they should be flexible and malleable.
  2. Twine or wire – Used to stabilize the pot’s form and connect the willow branches together.
  3. Scissors or pruning shears – Used to trim willow branches to the correct length and shape.
  4. Bucket or container – Used to give willow branches a water soak to make them more malleable.
  5. Bait – used to attract fish, such as worms, fish, or other crustaceans, to the pot.
  6. Fishing net or gloves – Used to get the lobsters or fish out of the pot.

Except for the willow branches, which may be gathered along riverbanks or purchased from garden shops or online, all the supplies and equipment are easily accessible.

Making a withy pot is a reasonably easy operation that requires few tools and materials. With some skill, it is simple to construct a useful and durable withy pot.


Willow branches are used in a traditional method called withy pot crafting to create fishing pots. The following steps are often included in the process:

  1. Collect supple and flexible willow branches.
  2. To make the branches easier to bend and shape, soak them in water for a few days.
  3. To create the pot’s shape, weave the branches together. The most typical form is a cone with a closed bottom and an entrance at the top for the fish to enter.
  4. Bind the weaved branches with wire or rope to keep them in position.
  5. To attract fish, put bait in the pot, such as fish or worms.
  6. Put the pot in a body of water where it is common for fish to exist.
  7. Regularly check the pot to see if any fish have been caught, and if they have, remove them.

It is a manual, traditional process with the benefit of being environmentally friendly.


The Withy Pot-making as a traditional craft is ecologically friendly since it uses natural resources that are sustainable and perhaps even employ a sustainable process to create beautiful, practical items.